Symptoms:
Pain, swelling, decreased range of motion with heat production immediately following the injury, and occasional, bruising will occur depending on the severity of the ankle sprain. Sometimes you may hear a "pop" during an ankle sprain.

Causes:
Ankle sprains are the result of overstretching or tearing of the ligament structures due to trauma or overpressure within the joint's normal range of motion. The most common ligaments to be sprained are located on the outside of the ankle (anterior talofibular [ATF] and calcaneal fibular ligament [CFL]). This type of sprain is called an inversion ankle sprain or more commonly a "rolled" ankle sprain. During the rare occurrence of an eversion sprain, the deltoid ligament is most frequently damaged. In the event of a high ankle sprain, the ligaments located between the tibia and fibula will be damaged leading to a longer recovery period.

Tips:
In the event of an ankle sprain, the same tips apply with those of sprains or strains in any area of the body: RICE (rest, ice, compression and elevation during the early phases of healing). In grade 1 and 2 sprains after swelling has ceased, light chiropractic adjustments are beneficial to the healing process as proper alignment is restored. Rocktape can also be used to decrease swelling and increase the speed of recovery. In any event after an ankle sprain, it is highly recommended to tape the ankle during sporting events for increased stability. Exercises at home, such as writing out the alphabet with your foot and standing solely on your sprained ankle, can be completed after swelling decreases. These exercises will help restore strength and stability to the ankle. If you suffer from a grade 3 ankle sprain, surgical intervention may be required after further imagery is completed to evaluate the severity of the injury.