Both sprains and strains have very similar symptoms as they present with pain, swelling, decreased range of motion, increased warmth of the injured area, and occasional bruising depending on severity.
Sprains occur when a ligament is stretched beyond its physiologic range of motion. A ligament is a band of fibrous tissue that connects our bones and joints. Strains occur when a muscle or tendon is stretched beyond its physiologic range of motion. A tendon is the fibrous structure that connect the muscles to bones.
RICE. Rest, ice, compression, and elevation are the key components to reducing swelling and inducing healing after an acute sprain or strain. Sprains are graded on a scale of 1 to 3. Grades 1 and 2 can be managed with conservative care and typically represent a slight tear in the ligament. Grade 3 sprains represent a complete tear of the ligament and may require surgical intervention depending on which ligament has been torn and how severely. Following the acute injury of a sprain or strain, chiropractic adjustments to the affected area of the body help to maintain proper alignment of the joint over the course of its healing and may even speed up the recovery process. At Cotton Chiropractic, we are certified in Rocktape, a form of kinesio-tape that has been proven to decrease swelling and increase the recovery of sprains and strains.