Pain is most commonly experienced on the front of the outer leg below the knee. Frequently, the area surrounding the tibia(shinbone) is the location of these pain symptoms. Occasionally, swelling and bruising may occur over the shinbone. Pain is typically expressed as a dull ache and may feel sharp at times, which may become too intense to handle. Pain is often noted at the beginning of workouts with periods of remission only to return again near the end of a training session.

The exact cause of shin splints is unknown; however, it is frequently described as a type of "overuse injury" to the legs and is very common in runners and persons with poor foot and leg biomechanics.

Prevention is the key when it comes to shin splints. Stretch before and after exercise to prevent the muscles in the lower leg from tightening. If you experience pain in the front of your shin, use ice to decrease inflammation and help relax the muscles. Rest is important in the treatment of shin splints. Take an extra day off from your normal routine if you are used to running long distances. The use of compression garments is beneficial for optimization of blood circulation in the legs and helps speed up the recovery process for shin splints. Cotton Chiropractic has had great results with manual muscle therapy and maintaining proper alignment of the knees and ankles to treat shin splints.